How to Treat and Prevent an Eczema Flare-Up According to Doctors and Dermatologists


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Itchy, dry, red, cracked, and sore: there’s no denying that eczema can be a difficult (and uncomfortable) condition to get a handle on. And it’s a common one,

As Dr. Crawley points out, the most common cause of eczema is genetics.
“Reasons for developing eczema are complex and multifactorial and consist of genetic and epigenetic factors. Most of the inherited genetic factors lead to physical and immunological disruption of your skin barrier,” she explained. Although the most common cause of eczema in general is genetics, the flare-ups people experience can be due to a number of common triggers,
Sharon Wong
, leading UK-based consultant dermatologist and hair specialist, told POPSUGAR.”A number of common trigger factors include, stress, skin infections, and allergies.” She explains that, for some people, this can be anything from food groups, such as dairy, to contact allergens such as animal dander or nickel. In addition to this,”the cooler winter months often worsens dryness and often triggers eczema flare-ups.”
To put it simply, Dr. Seghers has a great way of thinking about an eczema flare-up:”If your body is a temple, your skin is the wall that protects it. The outer layer of your skin has a classic brick-and-mortar structure. A lot of people with eczema are predisposed to eczema because they are born with poor quality mortar. A poor quality wall will result in two things: water will be lost through the wall, resulting in dry skin, and irritants such as allergens can penetrate the wall and provoke a reaction or flare.”
How to Prevent and Treat an Eczema Flare-Up
Of course, prevention is always better than cure when it comes to a flare-up, but it happens.

While a flare-up is never ideal and certainly can be sore, it’s not all bad news. There are ways you can manage your eczema, and the even better news is that the simpler the better when it comes to treatment.
“When eczema is flared, pare back to simple skin care,” said Dr. Wong. First, cut out all soaps and fragrances; this is to make sure the skin isn’t exposed to further irritation and make sure it’s not stripped of its natural oils. Dr Wong also advises not to use plant or natural oils, as these aren’t as effective as moisturizers for eczema and may potentially trigger further sensitivity.
Instead, be prepared to moisturize
a lot
using specially formulated creams.”It’s not uncommon that during a severe flare-up involving a large surface area of the body, your skin will require 500g of moisturizer every one to weeks,” explained Dr. Wong. This means it’s essential to top up on moisturizer throughout the day and pay close attention to particularly flared areas of the skin. It’s also important to stay hydrated, so make sure you’re drinking a lot of water when you experience a flare-up.
Now you know you need to moisturize, but the question is: moisturize with what? It can be overwhelming scanning the shop shelves for the right product. Ingredients to look for include: ceramides (found in

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